High-Power Digital Transmitters for Wireless Infrastructure Applications (A Feasibility Study)

Robert J. Bootsman, Dieuwert P.N. Mul, Yiyu Shen, Mohsen Hashemi, Rob M. Heeres, Fred van Rijs, Morteza S. Alavi, Leo C.N. de Vreede

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Fully digital transmitters (DTXs) have the potential of replacing analog-intensive transmitter (TX) line-ups in future massive multiple-input and multiple-output (mMIMO) systems since they hold the promise of higher system integration level and energy efficiency. DTX operation so far has been limited to low RF output powers. This article introduces a concept that enables high-power DTX operation. A DTX demonstrator targeting both high output power and high efficiency is realized as a proof of concept. It is based on a custom <formula> <tex>${V_{T}}$</tex> </formula> -shifted laterally-diffused MOS (LDMOS) technology, which is utilized to implement a segmented high-power output stage operated in class-BE. A low-voltage high-speed 40-nm CMOS controller drives the individual output stage segments at gigahertz rates. Measurements show the promising results for the proposed high-power DTX concept and provide valuable lessons for future DTX implementations.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022


  • Class-E
  • CMOS
  • CMOS technology
  • digital predistortion (DPD)
  • digital transmitter (DTX)
  • efficient
  • GaN
  • high-power RF
  • laterally-diffused MOS (LDMOS)
  • Logic gates
  • mixing power digital-to-analog converter (DAC)
  • polar.
  • Power generation
  • Radio frequency
  • Switches
  • Threshold voltage
  • Transmitters


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