Improved Anomaly Detection and Localization Using Whitening-Enhanced Autoencoders

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Anomaly detection is of considerable significance in engineering applications, such as the monitoring and control of large-scale energy systems. This article investigates the ability to accurately detect and localize the source of anomalies, using an autoencoder neural network-based detector. Correlations between residuals are identified as a source of misclassifications, and whitening transformations that decorrelate input features and/or residuals are analyzed as a potential solution. For two use cases, regarding spatially distributed wind power generation and temporal profiles of electricity consumption, the performance of various data processing combinations was quantified. Whitening of the input data was found to be most beneficial for accurate detection, with a slight benefit for the combined whitening of inputs and residuals. For localization of anomalies, whitening of residuals was preferred, and the best performance was obtained using standardization of the input data and whitening of the residuals using the zero-phase component analysis (ZCA) or zero-phase component analysis-correlation (ZCA-cor) whitening matrix with a small additional offset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-668
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
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