Large-eddy simulation of magnetohydrodynamics and heat transfer in annular pipe liquid metal flow

Francesco Fico*, Ivan Langella, Hao Xia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

61 Downloads (Pure)


Turbulent structures in a concentric annular pipe within a uniform transverse magnetic field are examined for a liquid metal flow. Large-eddy simulations are performed to study the effect of magnetic field on turbulence suppression and heat transfer within this geometry. At the characteristic Prandtl number of liquid metals, the smallest scales based on temperature fluctuations are much larger than those of the velocity, which allows to resolve all the temperature scales with sufficient accuracy. The calculations are run at Reynolds number 8900 for three different Hartmann numbers, H a = 40, 60, 120. The comparison with available direct numerical simulation data shows encouraging agreement. The main findings of this work show a circumferential dependency of the flow characteristics on the local orientation of the magnetic field, with increased anisotropy observed at all Hartmann numbers studied. Anisotropic effects of the magnetic field are predominant for Ha = 60 and Ha = 120 causing turbulence to deviate from its conventional state. At these Hartmann numbers, a partial redistribution of the turbulent kinetic energy from the axial and radial components to the azimuthal component is observed. This effect, observed here for the first time, appears to be related to the appearance of coexisting quasi two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) turbulence states. Moreover, large skin friction increments are also observed at Ha = 60 and Ha = 120, while coherent structures stretching and streak suppression are found for all three Hartmann numbers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055106
Number of pages20
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Large-eddy simulation of magnetohydrodynamics and heat transfer in annular pipe liquid metal flow'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this