Scaling up dynamic charging infrastructure: Significant battery cost savings

Ximeng Liao, Mahnam Saeednia*, Maria Nogal, Lori Tavasszy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Large-scale electrification of heavy-duty road freight faces challenges including scarcity of charging infrastructure and high battery costs. Dynamic charging could help overcome these challenges by enabling trucks to charge while driving. Important additional benefits for carriers related to lower required sizes and longer lifetimes of batteries could justify the required investments. The study investigates the optimal configuration of network sections to be electrified so that the balance between costs and benefits turns out positive. A case study for a highway network spanning 4 countries in Europe suggests that dynamic charging can lead to a significant reduction in overall transport system costs, up to very large network sizes. The study supports the decision-making of policymakers and road authorities by providing new insights into the costs and benefits of dynamic charging networks, and simultaneously considering the perspectives of investors and users.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104128
Number of pages19
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Battery-electric landscape
  • Dynamic charging network planning
  • Sustainable road freight
  • Truck electrification


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