The evolution of secondary instabilities in a three-dimensional stationary-crossflow-domina- ted boundary layer is investigated by means of Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) and linear spanwise BiGlobal stability analysis. Single-frequency unsteady disturbances and a critical stationary crossflow mode are considered. Unsteady perturbation content at 1 kHz manifests in the form of the type-III secondary instability mechanism in the lower portion of the boundary layer in the both the DNS and the stability approach. Considering disturbances at 6 kHz, the results from the stability analysis reveal the existence of largely amplified type-I and type-II secondary instability mechanisms. Strong growth displayed by the former is measured in the DNS, which potentially overshadows manifestations of the type-II mechanism. Laminar- turbulent transition primarily induced by the growth of type-I disturbances is captured in the 6 kHz case. Overall, we report good agreement between DNS and stability analysis in terms of perturbation organization and growth rate for all cases studied.
|Name||AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, AIAA SciTech Forum 2022|
|Conference||AIAA SCITECH 2022 Forum|
|Period||3/01/22 → 7/01/22|