Sediment sorting at the Sand Motor at storm and annual time scales

B. J A Huisman, M. A. de Schipper, B. G. Ruessink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Bed sediment composition, with a focus on the median grain size D50, was investigated at a large-scale nourishment (The ‘Sand Motor’) at the Dutch coast (∼21.5 million m3 sand). Considerable alongshore heterogeneity of the bed composition (D50) was observed as the Sand Motor evolved over time with (1) coarsening of the exposed part of the Sand Motor (+90 to +150 μm) and (2) a depositional area with relatively fine material (50 μm finer) just North and South of the Sand Motor. The alongshore heterogeneity of the measured D50 values was most evident outside the surfzone (i.e. seaward of MSL −4 m). Coarsening of the bed after construction of the Sand Motor was attributed to hydrodynamic sorting processes, because the alongshore heterogeneity of the D50 showed a similar spatial pattern as the mean bed shear stresses. The observed alongshore heterogeneity of the D50 and correlation of D50 with modelled mean bed shear stresses suggest that preferential erosion of the finer sand fractions has taken place. The selective transport of finer sand fractions results in a coarser top layer of the bed at the Sand Motor. The preferential transport is most dominant during mild and moderate conditions when hydrodynamic forcing conditions are close to the critical bed shear stresses for transport. The measurements also show the impact of a storm, which consists of a ∼40 μm finer D50 of the offshore bed composition in front of the Sand Motor (i.e. where a considerably coarser bed was in place). Additionally, storms may generate a (temporary) zone with fine bed material at the toe of the deposition profile. This means that the coarsening of the bed is reduced by storms as a result of the mobilization of both coarse and fine sediment and mixing of the bed with the relatively finer substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-226
Number of pages18
JournalMarine Geology
Volume381
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Alongshore heterogeneity
  • Bed sediment
  • Morphology
  • Nourishment
  • Sorting

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sediment sorting at the Sand Motor at storm and annual time scales'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this