The Investigation of Archaeological Glass Using X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy and X-Ray Micro Computed Tomography

G. Verhaar, L. van Eijck, D.J.M. Ngan-Tillard, Rene van Beek, Luc Megens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) and X-ray micro computed tomography (μ-CT) were applied to the study of four archaeological glass objects from the collection of the Allard Pierson in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Often, little is known about the provenience and provenance of archaeological glass objects, as documentation is regularly insufficient to assign a specific place and date of excavation or place of production. This paper demonstrates the value of μ-CT for visualising the internal structures of archaeological glass objects, providing insight into production techniques and condition. The XRF results presented are consistent with published glass compositions but are, as yet, insufficient to assign the glass objects to a specific place of production. Part of a broader research project to apply non-destructive techniques to the study of archaeological glass objects, the results presented here will be the basis for the future evaluation of less commonly applied methods, such as neutron tomography and gamma spectroscopy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Glass and Ceramics Conservation 2022
Subtitle of host publication6th Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Glass and Ceramics Working Group
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Archaeological glass
  • Provenance
  • Glass composition
  • X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Micro computed tomography
  • Production techniques


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