Accurately estimating the positions of multi-agent systems in indoor environments is challenging due to the lack of Global Navigation Satelite System (GNSS) signals. Noisy measurements of position and orientation can cause the integrated position estimate to drift without bound. Previous research has proposed using magnetic field simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) to compensate for position drift in a single agent. Here, we propose two novel algorithms that allow multiple agents to apply magnetic field SLAM using their own and other agents' measurements.Our first algorithm is a centralized approach that uses all measurements collected by all agents in a single extended Kalman filter. This algorithm simultaneously estimates the agents' position and orientation and the magnetic field norm in a central unit that can communicate with all agents at all times. In cases where a central unit is not available, and there are communication drop-outs between agents, our second algorithm is a distributed approach that can be employed.We tested both algorithms by estimating the position of magnetometers carried by three people in an optical motion capture lab with simulated odometry and simulated communication dropouts between agents. We show that both algorithms are able to compensate for drift in a case where single-agent SLAM is not. We also discuss the conditions for the estimate from our distributed algorithm to converge to the estimate from the centralized algorithm, both theoretically and experimentally. Our experiments show that, for a communication drop-out rate of 80%, our proposed distributed algorithm, on average, provides a more accurate position estimate than single-agent SLAM. Finally, we demonstrate the drift-compensating abilities of our centralized algorithm on a real-life pedestrian localization problem with multiple agents moving inside a building.
|Title of host publication
|Proceedings of the 2023 26th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2023
|Number of pages
|Published - 2023
|26th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2023 - Charleston, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 2023 → 30 Jun 2023
|26th International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2023
|27/06/23 → 30/06/23
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- Distributed Kalman filters
- Gaussian processes