Impact and mitigation of SRAM read path aging

Innocent Agbo*, Mottaqiallah Taouil, Daniël Kraak, Said Hamdioui, Pieter Weckx, Stefan Cosemans, Francky Catthoor, Wim Dehaene

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes an appropriate method to estimate and mitigate the impact of aging on the read path of a high performance SRAM design; it analyzes the impact of the memory cell, and sense amplifier (SA), and their interaction. The method considers different workloads, technology nodes, and inspects both the bit-line swing (BLS) (which reflect the degradation of the cell) and the sensing delay (SD) (which reflects the degradation of the sense amplifier); the voltage swing on the bit lines has a direct impact on the proper functionality of the sense amplifier. The results with respect to the quantification of the aging, show for the considered SRAM read-path design that the cell degradation is marginal as compared to the sense amplifier, while the SD degradation strongly depends on the workload, supply voltage, temperature, and technology nodes (up to 41% degradation). The mitigation schemes, one targeting the cell and one the sense amplifier, confirm the same and show that sense amplifier mitigation (up to 15.2% improvement) is more effective for the SRAM read path than cell mitigation (up to 11.4% improvement).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-167
Number of pages10
JournalMicroelectronics Reliability
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Bit-line swing
  • BTI
  • SD
  • SRAM sense amplifier


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